The PHOSPHETAL line of multifunctional friction modifier additives are used to formulate aqueous cutting and forming fluids due to their high polarity and affinity for metal surfaces. Phosphate ester friction modifiers also act as anionic surfactants that provide wetting and corrosion inhibition. PHOSPHETAL products reduce friction between metal-to-metal surfaces during machining, providing improved tool life, surface finish, and wear protection under extreme pressure conditions. Acid phosphate esters are also used in paints, coatings, inks, and metal cleaning applications due to their detergent/dispersant functionality. PHOSPHETAL phosphate esters are available in acid form or as neutralized salts.